Video endoscopic studies

Endoscopy  is a way to survey some of the internal organs with an endoscope. Endoscopes are introduced into a cavity through the natural way, for example: into the stomach – through the mouth and esophagus, into bronchi and lungs – through the larynx, into the bladder – through the urethra.

The use of endoscopy in medicine

Currently, endoscopic methods are used both for diagnosis and for treatment of various diseases. Modern endoscopy plays an important role in identifying early stages of many diseases, in particular – oncological diseases of different organs (stomach, bladder, lungs). 5. Most often, an endoscopy is combined with the target biopsy (under visual control), curative interventions (drug administration), probing.

Types of endoscopy:

  • Bronchoscopy — examination of the bronchi;
  • Gastroscopy —stomach;
  • Hysteroscopy — uterus;
  • Colonoscopy — colonic mucosa;
  • Sigmoidoscopy — rectum;
  • Laparoscopy — the abdominal cavity;
  • Сholangioscopy — the bile ducts;
  • Cystoscopy — bladder;
  • Ureteroscopy — ureter;
  • 8. Otoscopy — the external ear canal and tympanic membrane;
  • Colposcopy — vagina and vaginal walls;
  • Esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy — esophagus, gastric cavity and duodenum.

Endoscopic surgery

Progress in the development of endoscopic equipment and the creation of microscopic instruments led to the introduction of a new type of surgical technique – endoscopic surgery. During such operations, special tools are introduced in hollow organs or in the abdominal cavity through the endoscope and flexible fibro instruments. The tools are manipulated by the surgeon, who is overseeing his work on the monitor.

Endoscopic surgery now allows avoiding extensive abdominal operations in case of gallbladder disease, appendicitis, removal of lymph nodes, tumors, while eliminating the sclerotic pathology in the blood vessels, while shunting in the case of ischemic heart disease, in gynecology, and is also used for the differential diagnosis of diseases of the abdominal and thoracic cavities, pelvic organs. Now this is the most gentle, low-impact, bloodless surgery, which gives a minimum percentage of complications in the postoperative period.